Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and its Optional Protocol was adopted on the 13th of December, 2006 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, and was opened for signature on March 30th, 2007.
The CRPD is the first comprehensive Human Rights Treaty of the 21st century and is the first Human Rights Convention to be open for signature by regional integration organizations. The Convention entered into force in May 2008, Canada ratified the Convention in March 2010 and acceded to the Optional Protocol in December 2018.
The Optional Protocol to the Convention gives the Committee competence to examine individual complaints with regard to alleged violations of the Convention by Canada, however only after all available domestic complaint mechanisms have been exhausted.
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the Optional Protocol can be viewed HERE
Canada and the United Nations CRPD Committee
The Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is the body of independent experts which monitors implementation of the Convention by the States Parties (such as Canada). To see the current members of the UN CRPD Committee, click HERE
Canada is obliged to submit regular reports to the Committee on how the rights are being implemented. Canada’s initial report was required within two years of accepting the Convention in 2010 and now thereafter, every four years. The Committee examines Canada’s reports and makes suggestions and general recommendations on the report as it considers appropriate and then forwards these recommendations back to Canada for action. The CRPD Committee meets in Geneva and normally holds two sessions per year.
Click HERE to view Canada’s initial report to the CRPD Committee
Civil Society organizations have the opportunity to review Canada’s reports and provide information, feedback and potential questions for the Committee, i.e. a List of Issues (LOI) for the Committee’s consideration in its questions to Canada.
Click HERE to view the UN CRPD’s List of Issues in relation to the initial report of Canada
From May to July 2019, Civil Society organizations, in preparation for Canada’s second CRPD review, worked on a List of Issues Prior to Reporting document or LIOPR. Information, both positive and the identification of areas for improvement are being requesting in relation to each CRPD Article, as well as input on Canada’s progress in relation to the CRPD Committee’s Concluding Observations document submitted to Canada, noted later on this page.
Prior to Canada’s initial CRPD review by the Committee in 2017, Civil Society organizations across Canada both individually and collectively shared their insight and expertise and developed a variety of parallel Shadow Reports for the Committee. A Shadow Report is a formal review of Canada’s report to the CRPD Committee and prepared by an organization or coalition, and uses information obtained through the LOI and LOIPR processes. Shadow Reports are utilized by the CRPD Committee in the development of its questions and recommendations to Canada and are as much a part of the official record as the report summited by Canada. Click HERE to view an example of a Canadian CRPD shadow report submitted during Canada’s initial CRPD review.
In 2017, the United Nation’s Committee of the Rights of Person with Disabilities concluded its initial review of Canada’s progress and compliance with the Articles of the CRPD since its signing on to the Convention.
The United Nations CRPD Committee released a comprehensive Concluding Observations Report, noted prior, which highlighted the Committees concerns, with recommended actions to Canada to address. To view the UN CRPD Committee’s Concluding Observations on the Initial Report of Canada, click HERE
Canada’s 2nd CRPD Review
In preparation for Canada’s 2nd CRPD review members of Canada’s Civil Society came together in May 2019, in Ottawa, to begin discussions and put in place an initial process to solicit information in relation to the Articles of the CRPD and the Concluding Observations document submitted to Canada to develop a LOIPR document for the CRPD Committee.
The various Civil Society organizations at the meeting recognized that they were only part of Civil Society and did not represent the disability sector nationally. However, given the volume of Civil Society organizations in Canada, the limited time to obtain insight and information for the CRPD Committee, the group realized that a process was needed to be developed as quickly as possible and one that would allow participation for groups across Canada.
To that end, the Articles of the CRPD were individually assigned to the various organizations at the May meeting. These organizations are charged with developing a format and distribution mechanism that will enable Civil Society organizations across Canada to provide input into any, or all of the Articles they wish to address (top of page).
Once all information is collected a LOIPR document will be created and submitted to the CRPD Committee for review.
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